От VLADIMIR Ответить на сообщение
К ko4evnik
Дата 25.01.2019 12:56:07 Найти в дереве
Рубрики WWII; Флот; Версия для печати

Re: (?) 1942...

Есть немало комментариев в том смысле, что японцы вообще слабо и маломасштабно использовали мины в своих операциях.


Japanese Mine Warfare
As previously mentioned, the Japanese extensively mined the approaches to the Sea of Japan and also mined areas likely to be traversed by Allied submarines. In general, however, Japanese mine warfare was not very effective. Rabaul, Japan's great base in the South Pacific, had only four minesweepers assigned as late as early 1943.
Japan never developed its own magnetic or pressure mines, though a number of captured British magnetic mines were laid off Balikpapan in 1945. The controlled Type 92 mine (1100 lbs or 500 kg of Type 88 explosive) had an acoustic detector. The fact that the Japanese antisubmarine fields were composed exclusively of moored contact mines greatly simplified the task of penetrating the fields with sonar and paravanes.
The Type 5 moored contact mine was a 1916 design loaded with 80 kg (176 lbs) of picric acid (Shimose). The Japanese also had purchased thousands of surplus British and American mines left over from the First World War, which would have been almost indistinguishable from the Type 5 in service. The Type 5 was later superseded by the Type 93 mine, weighing 1500 lbs (680 kg) of which 220 lbs (100 kg) was TNT plus powdered aluminum. The Type 93 Model 1 was particularly intended for aerial delivery.
The Type 98 Anti-Boat Mine was a 46 lb (21kg) charge in a cast iron body. As the name suggests, it was intended for use against small craft close to shore, and had much too small a charge to seriously damage a warship.

The Aircraft Type 3 Mark 1 Model 1 Parachute Mine was an air-deliverable contact mine weighing 640 kg (1411 lbs) with a charge of 80 kg (176 lbs) of Type 97 explosive. This first became available in 1943 and could be delivered by torpedo bombers.
The American Office of War Mobilization (OWM) complained that the Navy had actually overproduced minesweepers in its buildup. Given the weakness of the Japanese mine threat, there seems to be some truth to the accusation, and American minesweepers often found themselves pressed into other duties simply because they were available.

Видите, ВМФ США даже критиковали за перезаказ тральщиков, которые часто использовали для несвойственных им целей.